Image Credit: Susan Theis

There was a Tahoe League race at Sugar Bowl the other weekend. Tahoe League offers entry-level races for kids who are under 12 years old and just starting to race. In an ideal world, these races, and similar ones in other divisions around the country, should be about kids having fun, gaining experience, and developing a love of our sport. Unfortunately, we don’t live in that ideal world.

I was in the lift line after the race and a father (riding a snowboard, no less) was berating his son of around eight years old for not standing on his downhill ski and carving enough, and for not making the top ten. I was about to light into him (“What are you thinking?!?!”) when my U14 daughter, who had also been listening to this father, grabbed my arm and said, “Dad, don’t do it!” So, I restrained myself, though it took all of my strength. Sadly, this sort of parental behavior isn’t uncommon and it pains me as both a so-called parenting expert and as a parent.

In addition to working with young athletes in ski racing, I also consult with ski racing parents to help them to provide to their young racers the most positive support they can.

Being a great ski racing parent is no small feat or easy task these days for several reasons. First, we live in a youth-sport culture that is driven by an overemphasis on winning, early specialization, and grandiose dreams of athletic greatness for children.

Second, this culture has spawned what I call the “youth sport industrial complex” (which, I must admit, I am a part of, to some degree) in which the focus is on adults (e.g., parents, coaches, personal trainers) rather than young athletes and making money rather than creating positive and healthy sports experiences for children.

Third, these cultural pressures exert immense pressure on parents to “keep up with the Joneses,” forcing well-intentioned parents to act in ways that are not consistent with their values or in the best interest of their children.

Finally, parents are human beings with the usual set of baggage from their own upbringings that includes low self-esteem, insecurity, perfectionism, fear of failure, and need to be accepted. These forces can draw well-meaning parents to the “dark side” of ski racing parenting in which their own needs take precedence over those of their children and they become unhealthy and sometimes truly harmful influences on their children’s athletic and personal development.

Despite this rather depressing assessment of the current state of youth sport and parental involvement, I still believe that ski racing can have an incredibly positive impact on children in so many aspects of their development including physical, psychological, emotional, and social (so much so that my two daughters are ski racers). Moreover, parents have the power to realize this life-affirming influence of ski racing on their children if only they will embrace and use that power in the best way possible.

This process of maximizing your children’s ski racing experience and ensuring that you are the best ski racing parent you can be begins with your understanding what kind of ski racing parent you are. To that end, I have developed the Sport Parent Assessment (SPA, customized to ski racing) that serves several purposes. First, you will learn the key areas that most impact your thinking, emotions, and behavior and that either positively or negatively influence your children. Second, you will learn where you stand on these critical parenting areas. Third, and most importantly, you can then use this new-found knowledge and insight to guide your parenting in a more positive direction.

Sport Parent Assessment

To complete the Sport Parent Assessment, simply rate yourself on a 1-10 scale using the item descriptions and rating definitions provided below. To get the most useful results, you must be willing to look in the mirror, be honest with yourself, and be open to seeing the good, the bad, and the ugly that we as parents all have. I also encourage you to have your spouse or significant other complete the SPA about you to reality test the accuracy of your perceptions. Upon completion, I’ll provide a scoring system below with which you can give yourself an overall rating and also the means to use the information to become the best ski racing dad or mom you can be.

Note: I developed the SPA as an educational tool to assist ski racing parents in gaining a better understanding of themselves, the roles they play, and the messages they send in their children’s ski racing lives. It has not been empirically tested or scientifically validated, so it may not entirely accurately reflect your involvement in their ski racing participation.

  1. Baggage: How much emotional “stuff” (e.g., low self-esteem, insecurity, need for control, need for recognition, need to please, perfectionism, fear of failure) you carry from your upbringing and that impacts your parenting: 1-none; 10-a lot):
  2. Personal investment: To what degree your ego, identity, and sense of self are wrapped up in your kids’ ski racing participation (1-none; 10-total):
  3. Ownership: How much you take responsibility for your kids’ ski racing participation (1-none, my kids own their sport; 10-total, I own my kids’ ski racing):
  4. Process vs. outcome focus: How focused you are on your kids’ ski racing experiences compared to their results (1-total process focus, what they can do to enjoy themselves and perform their best; 10-total outcome focus, all about their results):
  5. Expectations: How much you place expectations on your kids before races (1-never; 10-always):
  6. Your nerves before your kids’ races: How nervous and stressed you get (1-not at all; 10: very):
  7. Your emotional reactions following a poor performance: How disappointed, frustrated, and/or angry you feel (1-not at all; 10-more than my kids do):
  8. Your emotional reactions following a successful performance: How excited you feel (1-not at all; 10-more than my kids do):
  9. Your kids’ pre-competitive nerves: How nervous and stressed they get before their races (1-not at all; 10: very):
  10. Your kids’ emotional reactions following a poor performance: How upset they feel (1-not at all, shrug it off quickly; 10-very, in tears, upset lasts a long time):
  11. Your kids’ emotional reactions following a successful performance: Are they excited or relieved (1-more excited; 10-more relieved):
  12. Messages (How positive or negative the messages you send to your children about their ski racing participation (1-very positive; 10-very negative):

Overall Scoring and Interpretation

Note: If your score on the SPA is less positive than you had hoped, do not take it as an indictment on your ski racing parenting. Instead, take it as a call to action to leverage your influence over your children and take active steps to make changes to better support your children’s athletic lives and overall personal development.

Add up your scores for the individual items: _____

Score 80 or higher: A score in this high range on the SPA should be a wake-up call to you! You may be interfering with your children’s athletic experiences, enjoyment, and performances. The messages you are sending through your words, emotions, and actions may hurt your children’s athletic and personal development, and could harm your relationship with them in the short term and into the future. You should reevaluate and make significant changes to your relationship with your children’s athletic lives and the role that their ski racing plays in your life.

Score 40-79: A score in this middle range indicates that you are sending a mixture of healthy and unhealthy messages to your children. These inconsistent messages may be confusing to them and may cause them to develop similarly confusing and counterproductive attitudes, beliefs, emotions, and behaviors toward their own ski racing participation, which may lower the quality of their athletic experiences, enjoyment, and performances. By looking at your individual-item scores, you can identify those areas in which you need to improve and make relevant changes that will swing your involvement in your children’s athletic lives in a predominantly positive direction.

Score 12-39: A score in this lower range indicates that you are a positive presence in your children’s athletic lives. You are supporting them in ways that focus on their developing healthy values, attitudes, beliefs, and habits related to their ski racing participation. Your children likely get these messages which allow them to gain the immediate benefits of fun, physical activity, and camaraderie as well as the long-term benefits of life lessons and life skills that ski racing can teach children. My only suggestion is that you continue to send your positive messages loudly, clearly, and persistently to further protect them the toxic elements of our youth sport culture.

Individual Item Analysis

Though your overall SPA score may not be high, there may be individual areas that deserve your attention and efforts at positive change. Return to the 12 items in the SPA and place a √ next to the items in which you scored a seven (7) or higher. Then, strategize about how you can improve that score to better support your children and provide them with an even more positive ski racing experience.

Want to learn more about how to be the best ski racing parent you can be? Read my latest parenting book, Raising Young Athletes: Parenting Your Children to Victory in Sports and Life or enroll in my Prime Sport Parenting 505: Raise Successful and Happy Athletes online course.

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Jim Taylor
Contributor
- Jim Taylor, Ph.D., competed internationally while skiing for Burke Mountain Academy, Middlebury College, and the University of Colorado. Over the last 30 years, he has worked with the U.S. and Japanese Ski Teams, many World Cup and Olympic racers, and most of the leading junior race programs in the U.S. and Canada. He is the creator of the Prime Ski Racing series of online courses and the author of Train Your Mind for Athletic Success: Mental Preparation to Achieve Your Sports Goals. To learn more or to contact Jim, visit drjimtaylor.com
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